• Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 27 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 27 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    In this chapter, we discuss some of the fundamental principles of polymer chemistry. We begin with a survey of the different kinds of polymers, then consider the reactions used to induce polymerization. Finally, we discuss some of the structural characteristics that determine the physical properties of a polymer.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 1) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 1) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 21 (part 1) - Structure and properties of carboxylic acid derivatives. This chapter draw and name carboxylic acid derivatives, and use spectral information to determine their structures; describe the trends in physical properties of acid derivatives, and compare the relative reactivity of esters, thioesters, amides, nitriles, anhydrides, and acid chlorides; propose single-step and multistep syntheses of acid derivatives from compounds...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 24 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 24 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    This chapter introduce to amino acids, peptides, and proteins. In this chapter, students will be able to: Name amino acids and peptides, and draw the structures from their names. Explain why the naturally occurring amino acids are called L-amino acids; identify which amino acids are acidic, which are basic, and which are neutral; show how to synthesize amino acids from simpler compounds, and show how to combine amino acids in the proper...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 20 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 20 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 20 draw and name carboxylic acids and dicarboxylic acids, and use spectral information to determine their structures; describe the trends in the acidity and physical properties of carboxylic acids, and explain how their acidity varies with their substituentsl; propose single-step and multistep syntheses of carboxylic acids from compounds containing other functional groups;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 25 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 25 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Classify simple and complex lipids. Identify waxes, triglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, prostaglandins, and terpenes; explain how unsaturations affect the properties of fats and oils. Compare the properties of saturated fats with those of polyunsaturated oils and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils; predict the reactions of lipids under basic hydrolysis and with standard organic...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 23 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 23 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 23 introduce to carbohydrates and nucleic acids. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and identify the structures of glucose, its anomers, and its epimers, as Fischer projections and as chair conformations; correctly name monosaccharides and disaccharides, and draw their structures from their names; predict the reactions of carbohydrates in acidic and basic solutions, and with oxidizing and reducing agents;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 22 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 22 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 22 - Condensations and alpha substitutions of carbonyl compounds. In this chapter, we consider two more types of reactions: substitution at the carbon atom next to the carbonyl group (called alpha substitution) and carbonyl condensations. Carbonyl condensations are among the most common biological methods for building up and breaking down large molecules.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 2) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 2) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 21 (part 1) - Reactions of carboxylic acid derivatives. This chapter predict the products and propose mechanisms for the reactions of carboxylic acid derivatives with reducing agents, alcohols, amines, and organometallic reagents; propose multistep syntheses using acid derivatives as starting materials and intermediates.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 19 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 19 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Amines are organic derivatives of ammonia with one or more alkyl or aryl groups bonded to the nitrogen atom. As a class, amines include some of the most important biological compounds. Amines serve many functions in living organisms, such as bioregulation, neurotransmission, and defense against predators. This chapter draw and name amines, and use spectral information to determine their structures; compare the basicity of amines with other...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 18 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 18 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 18 introduce to Ketones and Aldehydes. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name ketones and aldehydes, and use spectral information to determine their structures; propose single-step and multistep syntheses of ketones and aldehydes from compounds containing other functional groups; predict the products and propose mechanisms for the reactions of ketones and aldehydes with oxidizing and reducing agents,...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 14 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 14 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 14 introduce to ethers, epoxides, and sulfides. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name ethers and heterocyclic ethers, including epoxides; explain the trends in their boiling points, solubilities, and solvent properties; determine the structures of ethers from their spectra, and explain their characteristic absorptions and fragmentations;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 12 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 12 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 12 - Infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. This chapter identify the reliable characteristic absorptions in an infrared spectrum, and propose which functional groups are likely to be present in the molecule; explain which functional groups cannot be present in a molecule because their characteristic peaks are absent from the IR spectrum; use a mass spectrum to determine a compound’s molecular weight, and propose which elements...

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